Demi-John

(c) 2000
Harris Filters

Home Winemaking
Simple Steps In Winemaking

1.
Sterilise all equipment
Sterilise all equipment thoroughly before you start, including your 4.5 litre (1 gallon) jar.

2.
Add grape juice
Add the grape juice concentrate.

3.
Add water
Add about 3 litres of cold tap water to the jar.

4.
Dissolve sugar
Dissolve the sugar in warm water for most kits (some kits include sugar).

5.
Add sugar
Add sugar solution to the concentrate (except kits with sugar included).

6.
Add water
Add water to top-up to
4.5 litres (1 gallon).

7.
Add yeast
Open the packet and add the yeast.

8.
Fit airlock & bung
Half fill the airlock with water and insert it into the bung to seal the jar.

9.
Leave in a warm place
Keep in a warm place 21-24C (70-75F) or use a heating pad or belt.

10.
Check with hydrometer
Take hydrometer readings at various stages to check on the remaining sugar level.
DRY: 0.990 - 0.996
MEDIUM: 0.996 - 1.009
SWEET: 1.009 - 1.018

11.
Add campden and stabiliser
At the end of fermentation add two crushed Campden tablets with potassium sorbate.
Refit the bung and airlock.

12.
Syphon from sediment
The wine should be left in a cool place (15C / 60F) to clear. A few days later transfer from the sediment.

13.
Add finings
Some wines will not clear on their own and may well need finings.
Follow the instructions supplied with the finings.

14.
Filter the wine
When clear you can pass  the wine through a filter to achieve professional brilliance and transfer into sterilised wine bottles.

15.
Bottle and label.
Fit the corks with a corking tool.
To enhance appearance, fit labels and shrink caps.